Common Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAALAC: Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International. A private, nonprofit organization that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs. See
Animal: Any living, non-human, vertebrate animal (mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, or fish), unless otherwise specified.
Animal Welfare Assurance: Key document in defining the relationship between the institution and the Public Health Service (PHS), which is signed by the Institutional Office, sets forth the responsibility and procedures of the institution regarding the care and use of animals, and requires the Institutional Official to file an annual report with the PHS. An “Assurance” can remain in place up to four years and is renewable.
APHIS: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. See
APHIS/AC: Animal Care. A programs of APHIS. See
AV:  Attending Veterinarian
AWA: Animal Welfare Act
CARE: Center for Animal Resources and Education. Is responsible for the administration of the Animal Care and Use program in compliance with State and Federal regulations and university policy.
Co-Investigator: This title designates key personnel for a project, but without the oversight responsibility of a Principal Investigator. Individuals do not need to meet the qualifications of PI under this policy, but should be considered key to performance of the project.
Co-Principal Investigator: This designation refers to individuals who share the responsibility for the project with the Principal Investigator and therefore requires the same qualifications
Guide: Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (National Research Council, 1996). See
IACUC:  Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Individuals having responsibility for oversight on a project involving the use of vertebrate animals. Typically, the term refers to Principal Investigator, Co-Principal Investigator, Co- Investigator, and Investigator.
OLAW : Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, NIH OLAW has the responsibility for developing, monitoring, and exercising compliance with the Public Health Service Policy. See http://grants1.nih.gove/grants/olaw/olaw.htm
PHS: Public Health Service U.S. Part of the Department of Health and Human Services, which includes the national Institutes of Health (NIH), Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among others. See http://grants1.nih.gove/grants/olaw/references/phspol.htm
PHS Policy Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. This policy implements the Health Research Extension Act of 1985. See
PI The principal investigator, in the context of this policy, is the individual with primary responsibility for a project that includes the design and implementation of research or teaching involving animals. See
Principal Investigator (PI): This title identifies the individual responsible for the conduct of the project. This responsibility includes the intellectual conduct of the project, fiscal accountability, administrative aspects, and the projects adherence to relevant policies and regulations.
Protocol A description of the proposed procedures involving any use of animals as required on Montefiore Medical Center protocol for the use of live vertebrate animals. See 
USDA United States Department of Agriculture. See
USDA Covered Species USDA regulations pertain to all vertebrates except the following: • Birds bred for use in research • Rats of the genus Rattus bred for use in research • Mice of the genes Mus bred for use in research • Horses not used for research purposes The regulations also exclude other farm animals, such as but not limited to the following: Livestock or poultry used or intended for use as food or fiber Livestock or poultry used or intended for use for improving animal nutrition, breeding management, or production efficiency. Or for improving the quality of food or fiber Where USDA regulations refer to dogs, the term includes those used for hunting, security, or breeding purposes.